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The National Portrait Gallery acknowledges the Traditional Custodians of Country throughout Australia and recognises the continuing connection to lands, waters and communities. We pay our respect to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander cultures and to Elders both past and present.

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander viewers are warned that this website contains images of deceased persons.

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Robert Banks Jenkinson, 2nd Earl of Liverpool

1827
Charles Turner (engraver) after Sir Thomas Lawrence

mezzotint on paper (sheet: 56.0 cm x 40.5 cm, image: 44.0 cm x 34.8 cm)

Robert Banks Jenkinson, 2nd Earl Liverpool, Lord Hawkesbury (1770–1828), statesman, was the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1812 to 1827. The son of a close adviser of George III’s, Jenkinson was 20 years old when first elected to the House of Commons. He assumed the title Lord Hawkesbury in 1796 and in 1803 was elevated to the House of Lords. In 1809 he inherited the title Earl of Liverpool. Before becoming prime minister, he served as foreign secretary, home secretary and secretary of state for war and the colonies, during which period, in 1810, the Sydney area of Liverpool was named for him. (The Hawkesbury River had been named after his father, Baron Hawkesbury, by Governor Phillip in 1789). During his prime ministership, in 1819, soldiers fired on demonstrators in the English city of Manchester, killing eleven and wounding many more. After this ‘Peterloo massacre’, Liverpool announced hardline measures. In 1820, the so-called Cato Street conspirators planned the murder of the prime minister and his entire cabinet; but they were foiled. Five were hanged and then decapitated; five were transported.

Collection: National Portrait Gallery
Purchased 2015

The National Portrait Gallery respects the artistic and intellectual property rights of others. Works of art from the collection are reproduced as per the Australian Copyright Act 1968 (Cth). The use of images of works from the collection may be restricted under the Act. Requests for a reproduction of a work of art can be made through a Reproduction request. For further information please contact NPG Copyright.

Artist and subject

Sir Thomas Lawrence (age 58 in 1827)

Charles Turner (age 53 in 1827)

Robert Banks Jenkinson, 2nd Earl of Liverpool (age 57 in 1827)

Subject professions

Government and leadership

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The National Portrait Gallery acknowledges the Traditional Custodians of Country throughout Australia and recognises the continuing connection to lands, waters and communities. We pay our respect to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander cultures and to Elders past and present. We respectfully advise that this site includes works by, images of, names of, voices of and references to deceased people.

This website comprises and contains copyrighted materials and works. Copyright in all materials and/or works comprising or contained within this website remains with the National Portrait Gallery and other copyright owners as specified.

The National Portrait Gallery respects the artistic and intellectual property rights of others. The use of images of works of art reproduced on this website and all other content may be restricted under the Australian Copyright Act 1968 (Cth). Requests for a reproduction of a work of art or other content can be made through a Reproduction request. For further information please contact NPG Copyright.

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