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The National Portrait Gallery acknowledges the Traditional Custodians of Country throughout Australia and recognises the continuing connection to lands, waters and communities. We pay our respect to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander cultures and to Elders both past and present.

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander viewers are warned that this website contains images of deceased persons.

The Gallery’s Acknowledgement of Country, and information on culturally sensitive and restricted content and the use of historic language in the collection can be found here.

William Saurin Lyster

mid to late 1860s
Davies & Co

albumen silver carte de visite (support: 10.3 cm x 6.4 cm, image: 9.1 cm x 5.8 cm)

Dublin-born operatic impresario, William Saurin Lyster (1828-1880), is credited with the ‘regular establishment of opera as one of the public entertainments of colonial life in Australia’. Lyster arrived in Australia with his company in 1861, opening at Melbourne’s Theatre Royal with Lucia di Lammermoor, Maritana and Lurline. Despite good reviews the initial season ran at a loss. Lyster persisted however, touring to Sydney to build upon his growing popularity. Following success there, the company returned to Melbourne to establish their base and in so doing established Melbourne as the country’s opera capital. With some thirty operas in their repertoire, Lyster’s Opera Company was said to have given over 1300 performances, touring the colonies and New Zealand for eight years, after which the company disbanded. Lyster returned to Australia in 1870 following a brief stint in Europe where he purchased music scores and the latest technical equipment to stage his productions. He leased Melbourne’s Princess Theatre and engaged Italian and English companies in alternating seasons of operas sung in Italian and English, the latter proving more profitable. Though Lyster himself was not a musician he had a penchant for Italian opera and knew well the public taste, the press describing him as ‘a liberal, pushing, energetic business man, personally liked… and possessed of that valuable quality, tact.’ His intimate knowledge of the opera and his business acumen succeeded in providing Australia’s general populace with world-class operatic performances.

English photographer William Davies had arrived in Melbourne by 1855. He is said to have worked with his friend Walter Woodbury and for the local outpost of the New York firm Meade Brothers before establishing his own business in 1858. By the middle of 1862, ‘Davies & Co’ had rooms at 91 and 94 Bourke Street, from where patrons could procure ‘CARTE de VISITE and ALBUM PORTRAITS, in superior style’. Like several of his contemporaries and competitors, Davies appears to have made the most of his location ‘opposite the Theatre Royal’, subjects of Davies & Co cartes de visite including leading actors such as Barry Sullivan and Gustavus Vaughan Brooke, and comedian Harry Rickards. Examples of the firm’s work – portraits and views – were included in the 1861 Victorian Exhibition and the London International Exhibition of 1862; and at the 1866 Intercolonial Exhibition the firm exhibited ‘Portraits, Plain and Coloured, in Oils and Water Colours’ alongside a selection of views for which they received an honourable mention.

Collection: National Portrait Gallery
Purchased with funds provided by Graham Smith 2009

The National Portrait Gallery respects the artistic and intellectual property rights of others. Works of art from the collection are reproduced as per the Australian Copyright Act 1968 (Cth). The use of images of works from the collection may be restricted under the Act. Requests for a reproduction of a work of art can be made through a Reproduction request. For further information please contact NPG Copyright.

Artist and subject

Davies & Co

William Saurin Lyster (age 32 in 1860)

Subject professions

Performing arts

Supported by

Graham Smith (18 portraits supported)

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The National Portrait Gallery acknowledges the Traditional Custodians of Country throughout Australia and recognises the continuing connection to lands, waters and communities. We pay our respect to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander cultures and to Elders past and present. We respectfully advise that this site includes works by, images of, names of, voices of and references to deceased people.

This website comprises and contains copyrighted materials and works. Copyright in all materials and/or works comprising or contained within this website remains with the National Portrait Gallery and other copyright owners as specified.

The National Portrait Gallery respects the artistic and intellectual property rights of others. The use of images of works of art reproduced on this website and all other content may be restricted under the Australian Copyright Act 1968 (Cth). Requests for a reproduction of a work of art or other content can be made through a Reproduction request. For further information please contact NPG Copyright.

The National Portrait Gallery is an Australian Government Agency